AArk logo

Husbandry Documents

Manchester MuseumThis page includes a wide range of articles related to various aspects of amphibian husbandry. You can search for specific words within the title, author and description fields by using the Search field in the menu bar at the top of this page.

To view a document, left mouse-click on a title, or you can download the article by right mouse-clicking on the title and selecting Save Link As…

We are currently expanding this page to include a wide range of amphibian husbandry reference documents. If you would like to submit additional documents for this page, you can submit them using this form.

Print Friendly
  • Icon of Amphibians in the Classroom or at Home Amphibians in the Classroom or at Home (4 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Document Templates Document Templates (11 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Enclosures Enclosures (6 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Feeding and Nutrition Feeding and Nutrition (22 files)
    •  
  • Icon of General Husbandry Documents General Husbandry Documents (9 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Health Health (51 files)
    • Icon of Biosecurity and Quarantine Biosecurity and Quarantine (15 files)
      •  
    • Icon of Diseases Diseases (11 files)
      • Icon of 5-minute Guide to Amphibian Disease 5-minute Guide to Amphibian Disease (348.7 KB)
        The amphibian patient is often presented late in the disease process, and the presenting signs are commonly limited to anorexia, weight loss and/or fluid retention. A review of the husbandry and feeding history should be part of any workup. Diagnostic information may be obtained in a manner similar to that used with other vertebrates, although the small size of many patients limits the quantity and usefulness of diagnostic samples.
        Author:Mads Bertelsen and Graham Crawshaw, Toronto Zoo
        Version:EXOTIC DVM VOL 5.2 MAY 2003
        Language:English

      • Icon of American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Infectious Disease Committee Manual - Chytridiomycosis American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Infectious Disease Committee Manual - Chytridiomycosis (104.7 KB)

        Fact sheet on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of chytridiomycosis.

        Author:Cynthia Stadler
        Version:May 2013
        Language:English

      • Icon of American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Infectious Disease Committee Manual - Ranavirus American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Infectious Disease Committee Manual - Ranavirus (190.2 KB)

        Fact sheet on the diagnosis, prevention and control of ranavirus in amphibians.

        Author:Ann E. Duncan
        Version:August 2013
        Language:English

      • Icon of De-worming amphibians De-worming amphibians (8.8 KB)
        Author:Will Brown and Renee Lizotte
        Language:English

      • Icon of Disease Treatment and Control Disease Treatment and Control (325.5 KB)
        Among the most important infectious disease issues identified in amphibian survival assurance populations are chytridiomycosis, Ranavirus infection, and infection with the rhabditiform nematodes Rhabdias and Strongyloides. The goals of the medical treatment and other disease control measures described in this chapter are to:
        - Mitigate the effects of infectious diseases
        - reduce the risk that captive amphibian populations could serve as sources of population limiting infectious diseases
        - Identify methods that can be used to create specific pathogen free amphibian populations.
        Author:Eric Baitchman
        Language:English

      • Icon of Diseases of Amphibians Diseases of Amphibians (312.2 KB)
        The development and refinement of amphibian medicine comprise an ongoing science that reflects the unique life history of these animals and our growing knowledge of amphibian diseases. Amphibians are notoriously fastidious in terms of captive care requirements, and the majority of diseases of amphibians maintained in captivity will relate directly or indirectly to husbandry and management.
        Author:Christine L. Densmore and David Earl Green
        Version:ILAR Journal, Volume 48, Number 3 2007
        Language:English

      • Icon of Field Guide to Malformations of Frogs and Toads Field Guide to Malformations of Frogs and Toads (743.9 KB)
        In 1995, students found numerous malformed frogs on a field trip to a Minnesota pond. Since that time, reports of malformed frogs have increased dramatically. Malformed frogs have now been reported in 44 states in 38 species of frogs, and 19 species of toads. Estimates as high as 60% of the newly metamorphosed frog populations have had malformations at some ponds (NARCAM, ’99).
        Author:Carol U. Meteyer, USGS National Wildlife Health Center
        Version:U.S. Geological Survey, 2000
        Language:English

      • Icon of Hypovitiminosis A in a Captive Collection of Amphibians Hypovitiminosis A in a Captive Collection of Amphibians (17.6 KB)
        Hypovitiminosis A is a disease of malnutrition or dysnutrition. There have been references to this disease for thousands of years and the ancient Egyptians treated xerophthalmia (night blindness) with liver from cattle or poultry that is rich in vitamin A. Today hypovitaminosis A is routinely diagnosed in humans, domestic livestock, and recently with more regularity in captive amphibian species.
        Author:Gregory J. Fleming, and Eduardo V. Valdes, Disney’s Animal Programs
        Language:English

      • Icon of Manual For Control of Infectious Diseases in Amphibian Survival Assurance Colonies and Reintroduction Programs Manual For Control of Infectious Diseases in Amphibian Survival Assurance Colonies and Reintroduction Programs (6.1 MB)

        The major contributing factor of the most drastic amphibian population declines is the disease chytridiomycosis caused by the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. This fungus, disseminated worldwide by anthropogenic means, can reduce amphibian biodiversity at new locations in alarmingly short periods of time. Thus, understanding and controlling infectious diseases such as chytridiomycosis have become a major focus of both in situ and ex situ amphibian conservation efforts worldwide. Proceedings from a workshop held 16-18 February 2009, Zoological Society of San Diego. Updated March 2017.

        Author:Pessier, A.P. and J.R. Mendelson (eds.)
        Version:CBSG March 2017
        Language:English

      • Icon of Salamanders as Injurious Wildlife - What It Means for Salamander Owners and Scientists Salamanders as Injurious Wildlife - What It Means for Salamander Owners and Scientists (176.8 KB)
        On January 13, 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed 201 species of salamander as injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act. The purpose of this listing is to protect native salamander populations from Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal); a fungus that is lethal to many salamander species. This factsheet was developed to answer questions about the rule and ensure a basic understanding about what the rule means for salamander owners and scientists.
        Author:U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
        Version:2016
        Language:English

      • Icon of Treatment of Hypocalcemia (tetany) Treatment of Hypocalcemia (tetany) (9.7 KB)
        Author:Eric Baitchman
        Version:EVACC Veterinary Protocols, September 2008
        Language:English

    • Icon of Drugs and Treatment Drugs and Treatment (6 files)
      •  
    • Icon of Frog Anatomy Charts Frog Anatomy Charts (3 files)
      •  
    • Icon of Haematology Haematology (3 files)
      •  
    • Icon of Medicine Medicine (4 files)
      •  
    • Icon of Protocols Protocols (9 files)
      •  
  • Icon of Light and UV Light and UV (10 files)
    •  
  • Icon of National Amphibian Action Plans National Amphibian Action Plans (11 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Population Management Population Management (7 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Program development Program development (9 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Rearing Rearing (3 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Reintroduction Reintroduction (3 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Reproduction Reproduction (4 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Species-specific Husbandry Species-specific Husbandry (33 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Species-specific Management Plans Species-specific Management Plans (17 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Water and Water Quality Water and Water Quality (6 files)
    •  
  • Icon of Workshop presentations Workshop presentations (18 files)
    •