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  • Icon of Anfíbios na Sala de Aula ou em Casa Anfíbios na Sala de Aula ou em Casa (4 files)
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  • Icon of Formulários e modelos Formulários e modelos (11 files)
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  • Icon of Instalações Instalações (6 files)
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  • Icon of Alimentação e Nutrição Alimentação e Nutrição (22 files)
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  • Icon of Documentos de maneio genéricos Documentos de maneio genéricos (9 files)
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  • Icon of Saúde Saúde (51 files)
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  • Icon of Iluminação e UV Iluminação e UV (10 files)
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  • Icon of Planos de ação anfíbios nacionais Planos de ação anfíbios nacionais (11 files)
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  • Icon of Gestão de populações Gestão de populações (7 files)
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  • Icon of Desenvolvimento de Programas Desenvolvimento de Programas (9 files)
    • Icon of Amphibian Data Entry Guidelines Amphibian Data Entry Guidelines (51.8 KB)

      Amphibian life history characteristics can make data entry challenging. Large clutch sizes and an assortment of life stages can generate data entry inconsistencies within and among institutions and studbooks. As many institutions currently hold amphibians, it is becoming clearer that these data can be recorded in a multitude of ways. The following guidelines will clarify amphibian data entry for both institutional registrars and studbook keepers.


      Issued by: Amphibian Ark, AZA Amphibian Taxon Advisory Group, AZA Institutional Data Management Advisory Group, AZA Population Management Center.

      Language:English

    • Icon of Amphibians and conservation breeding programmes: do all threatened amphibians belong on the ark? Amphibians and conservation breeding programmes: do all threatened amphibians belong on the ark? (522.6 KB)

      Amphibians are facing an extinction crisis, and conservation breeding programmes are a tool used to prevent imminent species extinctions. Compared to mammals and birds, amphibians are considered ideal candidates for these programmes due to their small body size and low space requirements, high fecundity, applicability of reproductive technologies, short generation time, lack of parental care, hard wired behaviour, low maintenance requirements, relative cost effectiveness of such programmes, the success of several amphibian conservation breeding programmes and because captive husbandry capacity exists. Superficially, these reasons appear sound and conservation breeding has improved the conservation status of several amphibian species, however it is impossible to make generalisations about the biology or geo-political context of an entire class. Many threatened amphibian species fail to meet criteria that are commonly cited as reasons why amphibians are suitable for conservation breeding programmes. There are also limitations associated with maintaining populations of amphibians in the zoo and private sectors, and these could potentially undermine the success of conservation breeding programmes and reintroductions. We recommend that species that have been assessed as high priorities for ex situ conservation action are subsequently individually reassessed to determine their suitability for inclusion in conservation breeding programmes. The limitations and risks of maintaining ex situ populations of amphibians need to be considered from the outset and, where possible, mitigated. This should improve programme success rates and ensure that the limited funds dedicated to ex situ amphibian conservation are allocated to projects which have the greatest chance of success.

      Autor:Benjamin Tapley, Kay S. Bradfield, Christopher Michaels and Mike Bungard
      Versão:Biodivers Conserv DOI 10.1007/s10531-015-0966-9
      Language:English

    • Icon of CBSG/WAZA Amphibian Ex Situ Conservation Planning Workshop Final Report CBSG/WAZA Amphibian Ex Situ Conservation Planning Workshop Final Report (450.1 KB)

      From 12-15 February 2006, CBSG and WAZA hosted an Amphibian Ex Situ Conservation Planning Workshop in El Valle, Panama. Unlike the prior meeting in DC, this group called upon only those amphibian biologists with expertise in the issues surrounding captive maintenance of amphibians. Fifty such people from 14 countries representing every amphibian-inhabited continent divided into four working groups to develop strategies for Organization of the ex situ community, Best Practices for husbandry and quarantine, developing objective criteria for Species Selection, and conceptually organizing Rapid Response Programs. The Working Group Reports compiled into this single document represent the ex situ community’s plan to address the ex situ conservation components of the Amphibian Conservation Action Plan.

      Autor:Zippel, K., R. Lacy, and O. Byers (eds.)
      Versão:2006
      Language:English

    • Icon of Comissão para e Sobrevivência de Espécies IUCN diretrizes de manejo ex situ para a conservação de espécies Comissão para e Sobrevivência de Espécies IUCN diretrizes de manejo ex situ para a conservação de espécies (21.6 KB)

      Conforme hábitats e ecossistemas se tornam cada vez mais alterados e as populações cada vez mais impactadas por atividades humanas, um número crescente de espécies irá exigir alguma forma de manejo de seus indivíduos e populações para garantir sua sobrevivência. O manejo ex situ é uma opção possivel, que pode contribuir para a conservação das espécies ameaçadas. O objetivo destas diretrizes é fornecer orientações práticas sobre a avaliação de adequação e das exigências de um componente ex situ para atingir os objetivos de conservação de uma espécie. 

      Autor:IUCN SSC
      Versão:Version 2, 2014
      Language:Português

    • Icon of Directrices de Uso de la Gestión Ex situ para la Conservación de Especies de la Comisión de Supervivencia de Especies de la UICN Directrices de Uso de la Gestión Ex situ para la Conservación de Especies de la Comisión de Supervivencia de Especies de la UICN (3.0 MB)

      Se creó un grupo de trabajo para revisar las Directrices Técnicas sobre Gestión de Poblaciones Ex Situ para Conservación de UICN para esclarecer el proceso y armonizar las directrices con los avances que habían tenido lugar desde su publicación en 2002. Este proceso comenzó con un análisis de los pasos de toma de decisiones para evaluar las actividades ex situ para beneficio de la conservación durante la Reunión Anual de la Comisión de Supervivencia de Especies de la UICN (CSE) y del Grupo de Especialistas en Cría para la Conservación (CBSG) en Colonia, Alemania, en octubre de 2010. Este análisis se llevó a cabo por personas involucradas en diferentes Grupos de Especialistas taxonómicos y disciplinares de la CSE, organizaciones de conservación in situ, y la comunidad de zoos y acuarios.

      Autor:IUCN/SSC
      Versão:Versión 2.0 agosto 2014
      Language:Español

    • Icon of Guidelines on the Use of Ex Situ Management for Species Conservation Guidelines on the Use of Ex Situ Management for Species Conservation (3.1 MB)

      The aim of these guidelines is to provide practical guidance on evaluating the suitability and requirements of an ex situ component for achieving species conservation objectives. They should not be misconstrued as promoting ex situ management over any other form of conservation action, and specific elements should not be selected in isolation to justify ex situ management for conservation. These guidelines replace the 2002 IUCN Technical Guidelines on the Management of Ex Situ Populations for Conservation.

      Autor:IUCN/SSC
      Versão:Version 2, 2014
      Language:English

    • Icon of IUCN Guidelines for Determining When and How Ex Situ Management Should Be Used in Species Conservation IUCN Guidelines for Determining When and How Ex Situ Management Should Be Used in Species Conservation (360.6 KB)
      The Convention on Biological Diversity’s target of halting extinctions by 2020 is less than a handful of years away. Captive, or ex situ, management has long been cited as having a potential role to play in the recovery of species, although this remains the subject of debate. IUCN’s Species Survival Commission (IUCN SSC) produced guidelines to assist in identifying when ex situ management may contribute to species recovery in 2002. Since then, there have been considerable developments in a range of areas that may influence the design of such programs (e.g., understanding of constraints on breeding programs, development of new techniques and approaches, and strategic planning approaches to species conservation). IUCN SSC has therefore revised its guidance and proposes a five-step process: (1) compile a status review; (2) define the role(s) that ex situ management might play; (3) determine the precise nature of the ex situ population in order to meet identified role(s); (4) define resources and expertise, and appraise the feasibility and risks; and (5) make a decision that is informed based on the above analysis and transparent. These guidelines offer an objective process for considering the role of ex situ management in species conservation.
      Autor:Philip J.K. McGowan, Kathy Traylor-Holzer, & Kristin Leus
      Versão:Conservation Letters, May 2017, 10(3), 361–36
      Language:English

    • Icon of Principios de Desarrollo y Manejo de Programas de Reproducción en Cautiverio para la Conservación de Anfibios Principios de Desarrollo y Manejo de Programas de Reproducción en Cautiverio para la Conservación de Anfibios (852.7 KB)
      Uno de los mayores desafíos a enfrentarse con respecto a la conservación de anfibios es el gran número de especies amenazadas a nivel global. Basándonos en nuestra experiencia, el conocimiento y las observaciones de diversos programas en todo el mundo, además de las interacciones con los actores que participan en nuestros talleres y cursos, el Arca de Anfibios ha desarrollado un conjunto de principios generales a tener en cuenta en la fase de desarrollo de un programa de reproducción para la conservación de anfibios.
      Autor:Luis Carrillo, Kevin Johnson y Joseph R. Mendelson III
      Versão:International Zoo News Vol. 62. No. 2 (2015), pp. 96-107
      Language:Español

    • Icon of Principles of Program Development and Management for Amphibian Conservation Captive Breeding Programs Principles of Program Development and Management for Amphibian Conservation Captive Breeding Programs (3.1 MB)
      One of the biggest challenges in dealing with amphibian conservation is the huge number of species threatened worldwide. Based on our experience, expertise and observations of various programs worldwide, and on interactions with stakeholders participating in our workshops and courses, Amphibian Ark has developed a set of general principles to be considered in the development phase of an amphibian conservation breeding program.
      Autor:Luis Carrillo, Kevin Johnson and Joseph R. Mendelson III
      Versão:International Zoo News Vol. 62. No. 2 (2015), pp. 96-107
      Language:English

  • Icon of Criação Criação (3 files)
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  • Icon of Reintrodução Reintrodução (3 files)
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  • Icon of Reprodução Reprodução (4 files)
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  • Icon of Maneio Taxon-específico Maneio Taxon-específico (33 files)
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  • Icon of Planos de gestão taxon-específicos Planos de gestão taxon-específicos (16 files)
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  • Icon of Água e qualidade da água Água e qualidade da água (6 files)
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  • Icon of Apresentações de Workshops Apresentações de Workshops (18 files)
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